Tag Archives: UK

The UK Court of Appeal Clarifies the Legal Test for Excessive Pricing

Under Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”), an undertaking may abuse its dominant position by “directly or indirectly imposing unfair purchase or selling prices”.  The UK Court of Appeal recently provided guidance regarding the legal test to determine whether pricing is excessive and unfair.  In March, it dismissed … Continue Reading

UK government publishes “no-deal” state aid notice

On 23 August 2018, the UK government published a  notice, committing the UK to a continued application of state aid rules even in the event of no deal being agreed with the EU on the UK’s withdrawal. The notice explains how EU state aid rules would be transposed into UK domestic legislation. The Competition and … Continue Reading

UK CMA Publishes its Report on Commercial Use of Consumer Data

On 17 June, the UK Competition & Markets Authority (“CMA”) published its reporton the commercial use of consumer data collected by companies.  The CMA began its review of the issue with a call for information in January. In short, the CMA concludes that, while consumer data presents some characteristics that sets it apart from other data, these characteristics … Continue Reading
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